Vibrant yellow Chickasaw Plums on the left, and on the right, a pit from a juicy, sweet plum I couldn’t resist sampling. This touches on something I have been wondering about. Chickasaw plum Rosaceae Prunus angustifolia Marshall symbol: PRAN3 Leaf: Alternate, simple, oblong to lanceolate, fine rounded gland-tipped serrations, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, shiny dark green above, dull and lighter beneath. Notice the “thin leaf” that gives this plant the name augustifolia. On a very hot scouting trip in North Louisiana I came to a thicket of the plummy kind. They flower in the spring time and will have 5 white petals. [7] They ripen in late summer. The Chickasaw Plum (in my neck of the woods) will flower in the spring/late summer. American plum is most closely related to and hybridizes naturally with Chickasaw plum (P. Prunus is Latin for “plum,” and augustifolia means “thin leaf.” They do have a skinny leaf. They are sweet with a little tang from the skin. The bark is dark brown to red-ish, and has that characteristic Prunus look to it (i.e. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T50673310A50673313.en, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map, Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, The University of Texas at Austin Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prunus_angustifolia&oldid=993022964, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 11:22. It was originally cultivated by Native Americans before the arrival of Europeans [4] [5] [6] While Prunus is the classical name for European plums, angustifolia refers to its narrow leaves. What was my reason for picking these little beauties, you ask? tree). Wild Plum Prunus americana Rose family (Rosaceae) Description: This is a small tree up to 25' tall. The 1/2 inch edible fruits change from red to yellow when fully ripe. Little, E. L. Checklist of United States Trees. It is listed by the USDA as an endangered species in the state of New Jersey. The Chickasaw Plum can be hard to distinguish from the American Plum (Prunus americiana) as well as the Flatwood Plum (Prunus umbellata). (rose) family, it reaches 12 to 20 feet tall and about as wide at maturity. Prunus angustifolia is widespread across much of the eastern and central United States from Florida west as far as New Mexico and California, north to Nebraska, Illinois, and New Jersey, with a few isolated populations in northern Michigan. American Plum as a Cross Pollinator. Vol. You probably have Chickasaw plum(P.angustifolia) or American plum(P.americana). Categories: Food, Foraging, Nature, Uncategorized, Tags: Cherokee plum, chickasaw plum, Louisiana wild edible, plum identification, red plum, red wild plum, summer wild edible, wild edible fruit, wild plum, yellow plum, yellow wild plum. The tart plums can be eaten fresh or turned into tasty jelly, and they’re also enjoyed by wildlife. Venison Bone Broth – Don’t Throw Out Your Bones! As the tree ages, the bark becomes scaly Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) is named for one of the native peoples that harvested its fruit for fresh and dried food uses. ( Log Out /  They are great to eat right off of the tree as a raw fruit. Washington, D.C. 1979. They may be eaten raw and are often made into jellies. Microclimate effects should be taken into consideration. An American wild plum tree doesn't exactly look like a tree, but it doesn't exactly look like a shrub, so I'm guessing that pruning has a great deal to do with your tree's appearance. Sand plums typically begin flowering during times when they are susceptible to late frosts. The Chickasaw plum and the American plum are closely related and hybridize easily. The flowers have five white petals with reddish or orange anthers. The Chickasaw plum and the American plum are closely related and hybridize easily. Home › Food › Wild Plum – Chickasaw Plum – Prunus Augustifolia, By greatoutdoordinary on July 24, 2018 • ( 2 ). It grows best in areas with regular sunlight or areas of partial shade. They noticed little golden colored balls in the trees. Both can serve reasonably well as rootstocks for many domestic plum varieties - European and Japanese hybrids. It was a great source of vitamins, minerals, and sugars during the hot summer months in the South. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. It’s good to hear from you, my friend. Title Chickasaw Plum Plant Fact Sheet Author John M. Row and Wayne A. Geyer Subject Chickasaw plum, Prunus angustifolia, wildlife and conservation usage. The fruit is eaten by various animals, and the foliage provides cover for nesting sites. USDA Forest service. 2nd Ed. Unless they are quite old, the diameter of the trees are not usually very large, and have a thicket like appearance. This champion Chickasaw Plum of Virginia made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. Antifa Leader Pulls Gun on Police and is Killed *VIDEO*, 7 Reasons Theodore Roosevelt Is A Badass of the Outdoors, How to Skin an Alligator (for Belly Skin Leather), Follow Greatoutdoordinary on WordPress.com. This tree is quite drought tolerant, and will grow in just about any type of soil (all the while providing food for people and/or wildlife). Chickasaw plum trees have super fragrant white flowers that grow in clusters. Pull up a chair, grab a cold one, and enjoy. Turning Natures Bounty Into Booze! In the spring, the long, oval green leaves cover the This typically occurs around age 3. hybridizes naturally with P. angustifolia to produce P. × orthosepala Koehne.[10]. I hope this site helps to inspire you to get out and experience God's creation and all of its wonders. Flowering and Pollination: This typically occurs around age 3. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. In February, March, April and May, small white flowers blossom, 0.3–0.4 in (8–10 mm) wide, along with red plums, up to 1 in (25 mm) long. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Their thicket growth pattern also make them ideal to prevent soil erosion in sandy areas where other plants may not take root because of dry conditions or soil type. Chickasaw plum grows 12 to 20 ft (3.7 to 6.1 m) feet tall and 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6.1 m) wide in an irregular shape. Growing 20 feet tall and wide, Chickasaw plum forms a rounded mass of slender, thorny branches sprouting from a short trunk. [11] Because of its attractive bark, small leaves and thin branches, Chickasaw plum is also sometimes used for bonsai. it looks like a peach, plum, etc. Pretty much any state where it can get enough chill hours to produce fruit, but doesn’t get turned into a plum-cicle every year is where it will take hold. The fruit is round, and under an inch in diameter (most being roughly 1/2″). ( Log Out /  Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Dover Pub., Inc. New York. I couldn’t reach the center branches of the thicket, so I climbed underneath and shook each tree to collect only the ripest fruits from the ground. That means… yep, you guessed it. This champion Chickasaw Plum of Florida made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. It requires low to medium amounts of water to grow, and dry, sandy or loose soil. This versatility of how The Chickasaw Plum tree can be grown makes it an excellent addition to any front yard or business landscape. Sargent, C. S. Manual of the trees of North America. Keywords Chickasaw plum, sand plum, sandhill plum Created Date 3 [11], It is used by many species as a larval host, including the black-waved flannel moth, the blinded sphinx, the cecropia moth, the coral hairstreak, the elm sphinx, the hummingbird clearwing moth, the imperial moth, the Io moth, the polyphemus moth, the promethea silkmoth, the red-spotted purple, the small-eyed sphinx, the spring azure, the striped hairstreak, and the tiger swallowtail. Prunus angustifolia, known commonly as Chickasaw plum, Cherokee plum, Florida sand plum, sandhill plum, or sand plum, [3] is a North American species of plum-bearing tree. New Plum, "Apple." PLUMS, continued. It was known to have been cultivated by Native Americans even before the discovery of the Americas and subsequent colonization by Europeans. The trunk is up to 12" in diameter and it has rough grey bark. This particular patch of choked brush was found by my father, and a hunting buddy several years ago when they were bushogging an access trail to a deer stand. Many horticultural crosses have been made with American plum and other Prunus[36,44,75]. Flowers are followed by small, cherry-like Its branches are reddish with thorn-like, small side branches. This plant is known to have been intentionally spread by various Native American trips to increase its range, and provide them with a greater abundance of this sweet summer treat. Wild Plum and Chickasaw Plum Wild Plum and Chickasaw Plum Wild Plum Commonly growing as large, dense, thorny thickets with smooth grey bark, the wild plum can grow to a tree up to 15 feet (4,5 m) high with a main stem up II. P. angustifolia is very difficult to distinguish from Prunus umbellata, with which it hybridizes easily.[8]. Honestly, I don’t give a crap which one it is, as long as the fruit tastes good, because they are all equally edible; however, the Flatwood is known to be somewhat bitter on occasion. Growth Characteristics of the Chickasaw Plum. My kind of foraging! The Chickasaw plum is self-pollinating; a single tree will bear fruit. The fruit can be anywhere from bright yellow (as were all of the fruits from this thicket) to red. Chickasaw plum definition is - a native American shrub or small tree (Prunus angustifolia) that has red or yellowish cherrylike fruit and has given rise to several cultivated varieties in the southern U.S.. I’ve been on that property many times during the spring and summer, but every time I went it was either blooming or the birds and other critters had cleaned out all the plums. It is "twiggy" in nature, and has a scaly, almost black bark. Most often seen in the wild as a shrub. The Chickasaw Plum’s natural inclination to turn into a thicket allows it to provide nesting habitat for a variety of wildlife such as turkeys, quail, deer, songbirds, etc. But, both these native species growth and general appearance the tree is like the American Chickasaw Plums. Get out and try something that you've always wanted to. Honestly, I don’t give a crap which one it is, as long as the fruit tastes good, because they are all equally edible; however, the Flatwood is known to be somewhat bitter on occasion. [7] Prunus americana has often been planted outside its native range and sometimes escapes cultivation. WINE BABY! Plum A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. The trees can grow up to twenty-five feet tall, but their average range is six to twelve feet tall. 934p. The Chickasaw Plum is a wild native plum that will grow as a single tree or form a thicket if left unmanaged. If we find a plum tree in the wild that produces fruit that looks like Chickasaw Plums or American Plums, aren't we actually looking at a unique tree that is almost always a The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) Feel free to Follow this site. Establishment Chickasaw plum is easy to grow in almost any soil, naturally on Not this year! Like all fruit trees, deer love to eat American plum trees' buds and leaves, while voles like to chew the young bark in the winter. Enjoy the fruits of your labor! ), producing P.× orthopsepalaKoehne [82,106]. Chickasaw plum (Prunus augustifolia), sometimes called sand plum, sandhill plum or mountain cherry, grows from 3 to 10 feet … This particular tree loves sandy soil, but will grow just about anywhere it is allowed to establish, and get full to mostly full sun. A summary of wild plums that have thorns including the American plum, Chickasaw plum, flatwood plum, Canada plum and scrub plum. American plum fits that description perfectly and is a native plant that overlaps the bulk of the whitetail’s range. I wholeheartedly agree—it isn’t every day you can find something wild that you can actually turn into booze. The Chickasaw Plum tree (Prunus angustifolia) is a deciduous small tree (can be grown as a multi-stemmed shrub) that adapts to almost any landscape. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. You can see the short thicket of the Chickasaw Plum. The Chickasaw Plum as it is commonly called (also called Cherokee Plum, Sandhill Plum, and probably other names) is known to be a wild plum with an interesting history. American Plum (Prunus americana) is a short tree with leaves similar to Birch with an ovate to elliptic shape, serrated, coming to a fine point. Change ). In sunny areas, it will be more dense and colonize thickly. His friend squished one, tasted it, and went wide eyed because it was sweet and a little tart! In areas of partial shade, it will be thinner and less dense, and each plant will be more spread out. The fruit is larger than the average Japans and 4 to 16 times as large as Robinson or Mari- anna I had to add a few store bought plums to get enough fruit, but it made a delicious, bright wine. The plums are cherry-like and tend to be quite tart until they fully ripen. Incidentally, the Chickasaw Plum is native to Texas and Oklahoma but is naturalized through much of the United States where there are sufficient winter chill hours, such as central Florida north. It is common throughout most of the United States, except the extreme northern states. It has a stout short trunk and widely spreading to ascending branches. Each spring, Chickasaw plum trees are covered with clusters of tiny, fragrant, white flowers. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. They are known to make a pretty good plum wine, and that they did! You can find plums in the wild which display some characteristics of each and can be impossible to identify. Prunus angustifolia, known commonly as Chickasaw plum, Cherokee plum, Florida sand plum, sandhill plum, or sand plum,[3] is a North American species of plum-bearing tree. angustifoliaMarsh. Microclimates are climatic conditions that are limited to small areas. Birds and other animals would do the rest by eating the fruit and depositing the pit (along with a little of their own fertilizer) all over the animals travel routes. It can be a bit tricky to distinguish the Chickasaw Plum from a few other wild plums. [12], They grow around Beaver County Oklahoma and Lipscomb county Texas. 1965. 1791. As with most things I seem to encounter in the outdoors, I “shoulda been there yesterday.”  However, I was able to gather up a few to munch on, and bring home to make some Wild Plum Wine. I must admit that I’m not even certain that I haven’t found a hybrid between the Chickasaw and American Plum. The 0.5-inch-diameter fruits which follow are red, ripening to yellow, and are ex… There were ripe fruit still left, but I probably missed the big harvest (but I made myself a note for next year). [9] The species grows in dry and sandy soils, such as open woodlands, woodland edges, forest openings, savannahs, prairies, plains, meadows, pastures, and roadsides. Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) is a plum native to the southern United States and is hardy from USDA Zones 6-9.A member of the Rosaceae (rose) family, it reaches 12 to 20 feet tall and about as wide at maturity. Sand plum trees may not freeze because the temperature in a microclim… To quote Benjamin Franklin “beer is proof that God loves us and wants us to be happy.” I’m sure the same can be said of wild plum wine. Chickasaw plums tend to bloom early in the spring before many other plants bloom, and require very little maintenance; as a result, they are often used in ornamental horticulture. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. American plum (Prunus americana Marsh.) As an American tree, most local nurseries will be able to order and help with the growing Reports are they make great jams or jellies, and pies (never tried it myself because of what else they are known to make). Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit). Chickasaw plum is adapted wherever sandy soils are found and performs well when planted on heavier clay-loam soils (Kansas Forest Service, 2010). ( Log Out /  The Chickasaw will be roughly 5 to 15 feet tall (some get taller but most are short). They are often found growing wild along highways, especially in the southern part of the United States. The native peoples would eat the fruit outright, or dry it for little sugar action during the winter months. This particular patch had a deer bed under the thicket. Even though there weren’t lots of plums, I managed to collect a few. Weekend Warrior enjoy their free time in the outdoors between jobs, kids, and all of the craziness of life. It was originally cultivated by Native Americans before the arrival of Europeans [4][5][6] While Prunus is the classical name for European plums, angustifolia refers to its narrow leaves. Chickasaw Plum is usually a shrub that may grow 15 feet tall. The Chickasaw Plum can be hard to distinguish from the American Plum (Prunus americiana) as well as the Flatwood Plum (Prunus umbellata). In spring, before the one and a half to three-inch-long leaves appear, Chickasaw plum is festooned with small, white, fragrant flowers which make the trees quite decorative in the presence of other trees which are often still dormant. Besides selecting plants for fruit size and crop load, you may also want to consider selecting plants that have later flowering and fruiting traits. Chickasaw plums form a rounded mass of slen… A handful of ripe wild Chickasaw Plums next to a green fruit. Sand or Chickasaw Plum Jam and Jelly Ingredients: 4 pints of Sand Plums 12 Cups Sugar, divided into 7 cups and 5 cups 2 packages powdered pectin Directions: Wash all … The leaves are alternate with a finely toothed margin. Bartram, W. Protect your trees with tubes, cages, wraps, or fences. There were still a few green fruit despite being later in the year. A rugged native, the American plum tree (Prunus americana) and its cultivars cross pollinate Japanese plum trees … They also provide food for a variety of species. Fruit will ripen in June, usually before the 4th of July. ( Log Out /  The pictures for this article were taken June 13th, and I was a little late. This is how Average Joe 6-pack & Mrs. With normal lawn mowing and weed control, new trees will not appear. That means… yep, you guessed it. Boasts flowered clusters of 5-petaled white flowers in March before the foliage emerges. Congratulations on your awesome discovery, my friend. When I say thicket of plums, I mean THICKET of plums! The flowers bloom on the previous year’s wood and are especially dramatic since they appear before the trees puts out new leaves. Then the small fruits appear, turning from red to yellow as they ripen. The bark is smooth and red with numerous elongated light lenticels. 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