In addition to that, put "です(desu)" at the end in order to make it polite. Today, we will learn another use of 〜そうです (~sou desu). That's why I wrote my book, and that's why I'm also glad to have teamed up with Niko. It means “get married”. Your cell phone seems really useful/convenient, doesn’t it. For example: I heard that it will rain tomorrow.  −  English words for sou include am, sou and a.m. Find more Portuguese words at wordhippo.com! そのゲームは難しそう。 I've spent six months in Mexico, four and a half years in Japan, eight months in Spain, and I am now currently living and teaching at a high school in China. In English, the verb “to be” is by far the most commonly used verb. – “I heard that Ms. Satou is getting married.”, ★ 結婚する (kekkon suru) is a verb in the plain form. (It is delicious) -> oishikatta desu. As we get more and more comfortable with them, we can work on making much more grammatically complex sentences, perhaps by talking about things in the past, or in the negative… or even the past negative! 頑張ってください!, NihongoShark has a cousin! By this point, you might be wondering why I said at the beginning of this article that this was one of the more difficult concepts for me to wrap my head around. その町は和やかそうです。 Add "かった(katta)" to the end of the i-adjective in order to make it past tense. Until then, 頑張ってください!, – Jeremy “Some Guy” Rasmussen When the look of a thing leads you to make a guess, you state your guess using 目の"そう" (me no "sou"). Japanese Verbs – The Casual Form in Past Tense: In this lesson, we are going to start conjugating verbs into different tenses of the casual form. When it follows a noun or a な-adjective, な comes in between. = ★ The 〜そうです (~sou desu) that we learned in the previous grammar lesson that means “looks like” or “seems” is attached to the stem of the verb/adjective. We don’t have to isolate any stems, or drop any characters. Sono geemu ha muzukashisou. (It was a blue car.) I believe "ja" is used for emphasis. Past tense of Japanese i-adjectives needs some modifications to the suffixes. Kore ha benri da sou desu. Only after hours of study and countless mistakes in speaking did I finally conquer this Mt. Let’s try a little exercise. Let’s start with the hearing group, sou 1 and rashii. For past affirmative form, remove the い (i) in the い-adjective and replace it with かったです (katta desu). This is the difference between these two. 眠そう (nemusou) Looks like it’s about to rain. We use it for many different contexts, describing things, saying what we’re doing, and stating facts or opinions, as well as many more. As always, I’ll also be commenting here and there throughout the post. They say that he is moving to Japan. んです follows the short form of a predicate, and the predicate can be in the affirmative, negative, past, or non-past. ★ They sound very similar, but the meaning can be pretty different, so be careful! Kare no keitai wa benri da sou desu. As a root verb, desu is non-past ("present") tense and affirmative ("positive"). 彼の携帯は便利だそうです。 We’ll start by looking at our い-adjectives. ‐そう (-sou) Additionally, it has many other unique usages, such as speaking in the present progressive, connecting successive verbs or asking for permission. The reason I mentioned that this grammar structure can be so tricky at first is because it is very easy to confuse the two functions; expressing how something looks/sounds/seems and expressing hearsay, as the structures are quite similar. Kare no suutukeesu wa omosou. Kare wa are wo kau sou desu. I heard that big brother is coming home tomorrow. Everest (or Mt. If you don’t know what the plain form is, click here! わたし は こうこうせい じゃない です。 watashi wa koukousei janai desu. E.g. Sono geemu wa muzukashii sou desu. It is the verb used to describe two things as being equal, that is, Probably like most of you who visit Nihongo Shark, I once had dreams and aspirations of one day visiting the land of the rising sun and learning the language. That baby looks like it is going to cry. A copula is a word meaning “to be”, and is used to predicate a sentence, giving the subject identity, properties, state, or membership in a group. “looks/seems convenient”. After today’s lesson, you will be able to say “I heard~” in Japanese. ... (SOU DESU, SOU DA) 5. Sorosoro hajimarisou desu ne. Just add だ (da) after the noun. They say that this town is quiet/calm. That, however, is beyond the scope of this article. Past tense When you make an i-adjective past tense, please follow the 3 steps below: 1. Examples (5) and (6) include the past-tense forms of n desu and its non-polite How would you translate the following sentences? ‐そう (-sou) ‐そう (-sou) If you have any questions, please leave a comment below! [i-adjetive] + sou = “[Someone] said [i-adjective].” “I heard (it’s) [i-adjective].”, 眠い (nemui) Come take a look at NativShark~, Saying Something Is Easy [Hard] To Do in Japanese: ~yasui & ~nikui. Use “rashii” when it is not certain. 彼女は眠そうですね。 Reply. ★ Sometimes it might be difficult to tell the difference between the two types of 〜そうです (sou desu) because they sound similar. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. can be Being a rather unusual verb, the copula has an irregular conjugation in both its plain and polite forms. Sono machi wa shizuka da sou desu. Sono machi ha nagoyakasou desu. ... (SOU DESU, SOU DA) 5. The same idea applies to our い-adjectives. ★ Check out this example. + That game seems difficult. + .hide-if-no-js { So, that will do it for today, dear reader. 始まるそう (hajimaru sou) I am not a high school student. If you don’t know what the plain form is, click here! Taberu became Tabemasu. We must place だ between the adjective and そう. “They said it’s going to start” / “I heard it’s going to start”. And that’s all it takes in order to express hearsay; we simply append ~そう to our verbs and い-adjectives, and だそう to our な-adjectives. The ~ te form is an important Japanese verb form to know. It is placed in the same place that Desu would be. The i-form, or masu form, is used. aoi kuruma desu, (It is a blue car.) Japanese has three of these verbs, and knowing when to use each one is very important. na-adjectives + deshita = past tense. Of course, we aren’t limited to only using ~そう with verbs. Just like before, we’ll start by looking at our verbs. The past tense is used to express actions completed in the past (I saw, I bought … That’s it for today’s Japanese grammar lesson! Some languages, however, have more than one verb for “to be,” depending on the context and use of it. (literally, “I heard that tomorrow is rain”). I certainly wish I had known about his site way back when I first started on my Japanese language journey! Same with desu (present) deshita past and deshou future. That’s it for today’s Japanese grammar lesson! China is very big. -> aoi kuruma deshita. If you have any questions. The word is incredibly common in Japanese—small wonder given that it means “to be”. 彼はあれを買うそうです。 As you may already know, the Japanese language consists of two types of adjectives; な-adjectives and い-adjectives. Before we append ~そう, all we have to do is simply isolate the stem of our adjective by dropping the final「い」character. あなたの携帯は便利そうですね。 ★ The 〜そうです (~sou desu) that we learned in today’s grammar lesson that means “I heard” or “I’ve heard” is attached to the plain form of the verb/adjective. N deshita/datta, which is the past-tense form of n desu/da, has not been explored in depth in studies of Japanese Linguistics.The present study examines a large corpus, and explores the cases of n deshita/datta used for past events and situations. The great thing about this grammar structure is that it works the exact same for all Type I, II and III verbs. The first, and most important of these verbs is かた (KATA) 8. / oishi kunakatta desu (It wasn't delicious). ‐そう (-sou) Japanese Grammar – Express Hearsay using 〜そうです – Review Notes. 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