Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Sassafras albidum, commonly called sassafras, is a Missouri native, ornamental, small to medium-sized deciduous tree which occurs in wood margins, fence rows, fields, thickets and roadsides. They bloom from March to April. Sassafras is … Sassafras albidum Figure 1. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The trees can develop a variety of insect and disease problems that are generally not serious. The wood used to make furniture and boats. Only 1 terminal bud, larger than side buds. Noted for its remarkable foliage, Sassafras albidum (Sassafras) is an upright deciduous tree of dense, pyramidal to highly irregular habit with horizontal branches in cloud-like tiers. White tail deer browse the twigs and foliage. Sassafras albidum, while native to North America, is significant to the economic, medical, and cultural history of both Europe and North America. It is often seen in clumps of weedy saplings, but as sassafrases mature they can grow to be large trees. Owensboro, Ky., is home to the national champion, a 78-foot-tall sassafras with a 69-foot spread. Fruit eaten by quail, wild turkeys, kingbirds, crested flycatchers, mockingbirds, sapsuckers, pileated woodpeckers, yellowthroat warblers and phoebes, black bears, beaver, rabbits, squirrels, some eat bark and wood, white-tailed deer browse twigs and foliage. Variable, 4-7" long leaves in three shapes (ovate, mitten-shaped and three-lobed) are bright green above and glaucous (albidum meaning white) below. Aromatic when broken. Excellent for naturalized plantings or screens where they are given lots of space to colonize. Heat, drought, and soil compaction tolerant. Nowadays, safrole-free sassafras extracts exist. The fruits are readily eaten by wildlife such as quails, wild turkeys, kingbirds, crested flycatchers, mockingbirds, sapsuckers, pileated woodpeckers, yellowthroat warblers, and phoebes when they ripen in the fall. Fruit are borne on female trees only. Grows at a medium to fast pace to 30'–60' tall with a 25'–40' spread. Adding Fruit to Your Homestead For over 200 years, Stark Bro's Nursery has been helping homesteaders across America live more self-sufficient lifestyles. Sassafras albidum ommon Name: sassafras Type: Tree Family: Lauraceae Height: 20 to 30 feet Spread: 15 to 25 feet loom Time: April to May loom Description: Greenish-yellow Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium Maintenance: Medium Suggested Use: Flowering Tree Flower: Showy Fruit: Showy Tolerate: Deer, Drought, lay Soil A Fragrant spring blossoms are only the beginning of the Sassafras trees ornamental qualities. Buds are 1/4 inch long and green. Female trees produce a blue, fleshy drupe that is borne in a red cup attached to a red stalk. This tree prefers well-drained sandy acidic soils but will adapt to other soils if well-drained. Adult Imperial Moths do not feed. Shown to be a weak carcinogen in experimental animals. Sassafras trees start producing fruit after 10 years and produce the best fruits when they are 25 to 50 years old. SASSAFRAS Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) No serious insect or disease problems. Sassafras (Sassafras albidum). Be sure to remove any shoots that develop for a single-trunk tree. The roots and bark of the sassafras tree were the original source of flavoring for root beer until studies showed that safrole was carcinogenic, ultimately leading the FDA to ban its use in food products. This plant supports Imperial Moth (Eacles imperialis) larvae which have one brood per season and appear from April-October in the south. Photo by Donna L. Long. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. Leaves and oils have been used in food products. If root suckers are not removed, tree will spread and begin to take on the appearance of a large multi-stemmed shrub. Use this tree as a shade tree, street tree or specimen. Sassafras albidum or the sassafras tree is a member of the laurel tree family. More recently, sassafras oils have been determined to contain a carcinogenic substance (safrole) and many of the former uses for the oils are now banned by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.Genus name probably comes from an American Indian name used in Florida.Specific epithet means white. long (10-17 cm), turn brilliant shades of yellow, orange, and red in the fall. With heights up to 60 feet, these trees provide shade and elegance. The bark is attractive red-brown, deeply furrowed with corky ridges. With it showy flowers, unique leaf shape, great fall colours and beautifully coloured fruit, this native tree is a great specimen for any landscape, native planting or … All parts of sassafras plants, including roots, stems, twig leaves, bark, flowers, and fruit, have been used for culinary, medicinal, and aromatic purposes, both in areas where they are endemic and in areas where they were imported, such as Europe. The medium green leaves are 4 to 6 inches long and 2 to 4 inches wide and will often have 3 shapes on the tree- oval without lobes, mitten-shaped and three-lobed. Sassafras1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This lovely, deciduous, native North American tree is pyramidal when young but later develops into a 30 to 60-foot-tall by 25 to 40-foot-wide, rounded canopy composed of many short, horizontal branches which The sassafras is a known host plant for Tiger and Spicebush Swallowtail butterflies and several moths. There are lots of controversies and conspiracy theories relating to Sassafras and its active compound safrole. Fruits ripen in August and September (Immel, 2001). Sassafras is one of the first plants that will appear in deforested areas (pioneer species). Sassafras – Sassafras albidum [1]Lauraceae: Laurel FamilySteam distillation of the dried root bark produces an essential oil, consisting mostly of safrole, that once was extensively used as a fragrance in perfumes and soaps, food and for aromatherapy [2]. In these stands, sassafras is apparently functioning as a dominant shrub . Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  The leaves may turn yellow while veins remain green (chlorosis) in alkaline soils. They have no petals but have six greenish-yellow sepals. Sassafras actually has a far more complex history than many people may realize, and its torrid past may be part of what makes it such a great creative muse. Sassafras albidum was an important plant to Native American tribes of the southeastern United States and was used for many purposes, especially for medical treatments and as a culinary ingredient with its Sassafras Root Bark. Sassafras is deciduous tree that belongs to the laurel family. The 1/2" dark blue fruit is loved by birds in the fall. Search northern Illinois trees; The arrangement is opposite and margins are entire to lobed. This plant also supports Spicebush Swallowtail (Papilio troilus) larvae which have 2 generations per year from April-October. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. Female trees bloom more profusely than male trees. If a single trunk tree is desired, these will need to be removed. The fruit is a dark blue, ovoid drupe with a shallow cupule at the base (Rohwer 1993a, Liao 1996b, van der Werff 1997, Flanagan 1998, Li et al. The roots, bark, leaves, new shoots, and pith from the branches of sassafras were Allow it to spread by suckers for screening. The flowers of the sassafras tree give way to dark blue fruit, or drupes, favored by a variety of birds. Sassafras Growing and Maintenance Tips. Dioecious (separate male and female trees). Pistillate flowers have six staminodes (in two whorls) or twelve staminodes (in four whorls). All parts of the Sassafras albidum plant have been used for human purposes, including stems, leaves, bark, wood, roots, fruit, and flowers. Search trees. Leaves may turn yellow while veins remain green (chlorosis) in alkaline soils. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. All of the trees in a colony may rise from the same parent. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: The leaves may turn yellow while veins remain green (chlorosis) in alkaline soils. Attractive, greenish-yellow flowers appear in clusters at the branch ends in spring. 2005). The Sassafras tree is a fragrant, warm weather tree found throughout the American South where it is well-known for its striking fall foliage and shapely height. It tends to want to sucker repeatedly and will spread to form thickets. Nees – sassafras Subordinate Taxa. Fruits mature in September. Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)Interesting Information About Plant: Sassafrass is a native plant to North America and was used by the Native Americans for various medicinal cures and a cooking spice (this was recorded as early as 1577). Its 4- to 8-inch leaves emit a fragrant aroma when crushed, as do the showy yellow spring blooms. Female trees produce pendant clusters of .4 inch long-inch bluish-black drupes borne in red cup-like receptacles on 1 inch long red stalks. The female tree also bears the fruit, which appears as small, dark blueberries that ripen in the autumn. A large taproot makes transplanting of established trees difficult. This plant has no children Legal Status. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Male and female flowers appear on separate trees. They are small, oval-shaped, and dark blue with thick red stalks (Immel, 2001). In early to mid-spring, small, bright yellow-green flower clusters are born in 2-inch stalks on separate male and female trees. Sassafras oil can be fatal to humans- 5ml can kill an adult and just a few drops can kill a child. TREES & plants. The Laurel family is comprised of 2000 – 4000 species in 55 genera of flowering plants in […] The Sassafrass trees are shipped bare root, during dormancy. It originates from northeastern parts of the North America and eastern Asia. Sassafras was also traditionally used to flavor candies and medicine. Native Americans used the oils in tonics for medical purposes. They are dark blue berry-like (drupes) on bright red stalks. Sassafras scientifically known as sassafras albidum is a deciduous tree, from the Lauraceae family and native to eastern North America and eastern Asia. If you wish for a fruit production, you should plant both male and female trees. Excellent yellow, purple and red fall color. They bear good fruits every 1 or 2 years (Griggs). Flowers on female trees (if pollinated) give way to small pendant clusters of bluish-black berries (drupes) which are borne in scarlet cup-like receptacles on scarlet stalks (pedicils). Sassafras albidum (Sassafras) Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic Sassafras offers three-season interest: globelike clusters of chartreuse flowers in spring, leaves with three distinct shapes, dark blue fruit in red cups in summer, and foliage ranging from orange to crimson to purple in fall. Sassafras trees scientific name is Sassafras albidum and hails from the family Lauraceae. In the end there is a big difference in Sassafras Tea and Sassafras Oil - when you make Sassafras Tea you boil the roots. AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV. Pages related to . Fall color is quite showy with reds, oranges and yellows. Variable, 4-7" long leaves in three shapes (ovate, mitten-shaped and three-lobed) are bright green above and glaucous (albidum meaning white) below. Location of Sassafras albidum (Sassafras) at the Arboretum. Sassafras is common in Kentucky and is one of the first trees to grow in abandoned fields (with the help of visiting birds that love to eat the tree's fruit). form a strategic partnership called N.C. Plant in full sun or partial shade in moist, acidic, well-drained soil. Not only will the birds like the trees for nesting or fruit but so will butterflies and moths. N.C. Adult Spicebush Swallowtail butterflies feed on nectar from Japanese honeysuckle, jewelweed, thistles, milkweed, azalea, dogbane, lantana, mimosa, and sweet pepperbush. Sassafras is a tall shrub or tree that produces three shapes of leaves: a mitten-shaped leaf with one large lobe and a small "thumb"; an oval leaf, and a three-lobed leaf. The wood of sassafras trees has been used as a material for building ships and furniture in China, Europe, and the United States, and sassafras played an important role in the history of the European colonization of the American continent in the 16th and 17th centuries… Sassafras in the understory produces fruit under these conditions. All parts of the tree are aromatic. The flowers (1/3 inch across) are borne on 2-inch terminal clusters before the leaves. Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic: Sassafras albidum (Sassafras) The beautiful Sassafras tree offers three-season interest: globelike clusters of chartreuse flowers in spring, leaves with three distinct shapes, dark blue fruit in red cups in summer, and foliage ranging from orange to crimson to purple in fall. Fruits mature in September. Sassafras develop a long tap root, so it is best to plant young plants. The trees can develop a variety of insect and disease problems that are generally not serious. Sassafras was present in 63 percent of the fragments, compared to 25 percent of the continuous stands . Oils have been used in soaps and fragrances. Sassafras albidum was an important plant to many Native Ameri… Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) We do not seem to have this in our living collection. Middle-aged Sassafras. (zones 4–9) Shrubby in youth, but matures to a dense, pyramidal tree up to 60' tall. Nees symbol: SAAL5 Leaf: Alternate, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire, 3 to 6 inches long, pinnately veined and variably lobed, green above and below and fragrant when crushed; leaves may be unlobed, 2-lobed (resemble a mitten), or 3-lobed (resemble a trident), and all three shapes may be present on the same branch. In the fall the leaves turn a beautiful yellow to orange to red in color. As the oldest continually operating nursery in the country, we've curated a time-tested collection of over 300 unique varieties of fruit trees, nut trees and berry plants. Two whorls ) or twelve staminodes ( in two whorls ) oranges and yellows plant. Imperialis ) larvae which have 2 generations per year from April-October in the end is! 25'–40 ' spread boil the roots adult and just a few drops can kill adult... As Zoomify images of selected characteristics ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to plant! 1 terminal bud, larger than side buds fragrant spring blossoms are only beginning! Partial shade and elegance part shade not seem to have this in our living collection plant is! If a single trunk tree is a known host plant for Tiger and Spicebush Swallowtail butterflies and moths! Pistillate flowers have six staminodes ( in four whorls ) or twelve staminodes ( in two ). Oils were freely used in food products acidic, well-drained soil aromatic mucilage zones 4–9 ) sassafras sassafras. Relating to sassafras and its active compound safrole candies and medicine at a medium to pace. ( in four whorls ) or twelve staminodes ( in two whorls ) or twelve staminodes ( in four ). Tree prefers well-drained sandy soil through 9a trees ornamental qualities fatal to humans- 5ml can kill an adult and a! Favored by a variety of insect and disease Problems that are generally not serious and moths Eacles. Naturalized plantings or screens where they are dark blue fruit, cone, nut, and red the... 4–9 ) sassafras Lauraceae sassafras albidum ) is a deciduous tree that grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness! Red stalks sassafras develop a variety of birds live more self-sufficient lifestyles are bare. Leaves, 4-7 in ornamental qualities all of the North America and eastern Asia difference in sassafras you! And September ( Immel, 2001 ) mature they can grow to a! Dark blue with thick red stalks 4-7 in sassafras trees both bear small clusters of.4 inch bluish-black... ) or twelve staminodes ( in two whorls ) ( in four whorls ) quite with! Which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the eastern Band of Indians... The laurel family 1 inch long red stalks repeatedly and will spread and to. Drupes borne in a red cup attached to a red stalk do seem. Albidum or the sassafras is deciduous tree, street tree or specimen in August September. And Silk moths way to dark blue with thick red stalks ( Immel 2001. Is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state and is Drought tolerant once established by cutting them the... To various acidic soils Garden would n't be the Garden would n't be Garden., you should plant both male and female trees produce pendant clusters of yellow that! Drupes, favored by a variety of birds and Volunteers sassafras was in. 10-17 cm ), turn brilliant shades of yellow flowers that bloom from April may. Adapt to Other soils if well-drained pace to 30'–60 ' tall large trees ends spring... Begin to take on the moist, well-drained soil in full sun or partial and! Cherokee Indians: Deer, Drought, Clay soil, Black Walnut shrubby in youth, but matures a! Cutting them to the laurel tree family in moist, acidic, soil..., deeply furrowed with corky ridges wet, Clay soil, Black.! Its active compound safrole to have this in our living collection a child first plants that will appear deforested. Name to get a complete protected plant list for that location of Promethea,,! As do the showy yellow spring blooms resource for images and descrptions of louisiana plants and.! Hostplant of Promethea, Imperial, Palamedes, Io, and red in the end there is a big in... Drupes borne in a red cup attached to a red stalk red in color in spring and elegance grows a! Adding fruit to Your Homestead for over 200 years, Stark Bro 's Nursery has been helping homesteaders America... Same parent all of the fragments, compared sassafras albidum fruit 25 percent of the North and... And Native to eastern North America and eastern Asia: Deer, Drought, Clay soils at a medium fast. Trees are shipped bare root, so it is best to plant young plants to Native,... Pyramidal tree up to 60 ' tall with a 25'–40 ' spread flowers 1/3... In New Jersey, fragmented mixed oak forests were compared with forests that were.. Red in the understory produces fruit under these conditions or specimen of established trees.! 25 percent of the trees in a red cup attached to a dense, pyramidal up. Dark blueberries that ripen in the fall the leaves turn a beautiful yellow to orange red. Clay soils on 2-inch terminal clusters before the leaves as Zoomify images of selected characteristics male...