Milosevic I, McCabe RE. Agoraphobia Symptoms & Treatments. Arachnophobia -- the fear of spiders. He or she may use the diagnostic criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association. While most people have heard of common phobias, like the fear of heights (acrophobia) or the fear of spiders (arachnophobia), there are many strange, less talked about phobias. These are the top 100 phobias in the world, with the most common ones listed from the top. Active-imaginal exposure: examination of a new behavioral treatment for cynophobia (dog phobia). Almost 50% of women have this fear, and nearly 10% of men also suffer from it. Most phobias can be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy, which encourages different ways of thinking in response to the fear, often times incorporating exposure to the fear itself. Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of 12-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Processes Contributing to the Maintenance of Flying Phobia: A Narrative Review. In fact, most adults that have cynophobia may have developed it during childhood, especially between the ages of 5 to 9 years. Rated 33 points - posted 11 years ago by kris in category People. Some of the common symptoms associated with this phobia include trembling, rapid heartbeat, and feeling disoriented. Top 10 Phobias of All Time – 2020 Update 1. Fear of death. More females are affected by this phobia than males. Travel Med Infect Dis. Even if the threat is minimal, the affected persons will feel very anxious. While in some cases this fear of heights may be the result of a traumatic experience, current thinking suggests that this fear may have evolved as an adaptation to an environment in which a fall from heights posed a significant danger.Â. Out of all the phobias discussed, some qualify as the most common phobias. Guess either … Some victims have been known to take bold steps such as burning down a house to get rid of a spider. The appropriate treatment depends upon a variety of factors including the symptoms and severity of the phobia, so it is always best to consult with your doctor or therapist in order to develop a treatment plan that works for your specific situation. Mysophobia is characterized by victims constantly washing their hands. 2004;2(1):27-35. doi:10.1016/j.tmaid.2004.01.002, Clark GI, Rock AJ. Specific phobias can also occur along with other types of anxiety disorders.Common categories of specific phobias are a fear of: 1. This fear is common in hypochondriac and anxious people who have a rich imagination. Glossophobia is the fear of public speaking. The fear is more common in adults than children. Trypophobia, the fear of clusters of small holes, has become popular on social media. The fear of needles: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Diagnosis of specific phobias is based on a thorough clinical interview and diagnostic guidelines. While it is common for people to have some degree of fear when encountering heights, this phobia involves a severe fear that can result in panic attacks and avoidance behaviors. By John Misachi on January 15 2018 in Society. Ophidiophobia is the fear of snakes. In this list, we present to you some of the most common phobias that haunt people. Zoophobia is actually a generic term that encompasses a group of phobias involving specific animals. 10 Most Common Phobias 1. A specific phobia involves an intense, persistent fear of a specific object or situation that's out of proportion to the actual risk. Some people even pass out during the injection. In some cases, these symptoms escalate into a full-blown panic attack. About 1/3rd of adult humans suffer from this phobia. Phobias: the Psychology of Irrational Fear. Cleveland Clinic. The most common are fear of spiders, fear of snakes, and fear of heights. [Read more…] about Agliophobia – Fear / Phobia of Pain In some instances, this phobia may be related to obsessive-compulsive disorder.. The fear of heights is a common phobia. 1996; 34(1): 33-39. The second most common fear, ophidiophobia is the fear of snakes. The fear of public speaking, also known as glossophobia, tops the list as one of the most common phobias in the world. Mysophobia is the fear of dirt due to contamination by bacteria and germs. Social phobias. The victims of aerophobia get anxious and very afraid at the mere thought of being in an airplane or a helicopter. Estimates suggest that as many as 20% to 30% of adults are affected by this type of phobia.. Acrophobia … Arachnophobia – The fear of spiders affects women four times more (48% women and 12% men). Agoraphobia involves a fear of being alone in a situation or place where escape may be difficult. The sight of a spider can trigger a fear response, but in some cases, simply an image of an arachnid or the thought of a spider can lead to feelings of overwhelming fear and panic.. The victims usually have signs such as blushing, stammering, excessive sweating, nausea, or trembling when they are in social places. Symptoms of astraphobia are often similar to those of other phobias and include shaking, rapid heart rate, and increased respiration.. Behavior Research and Therapy. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Kapfhammer HP, Fitz W, Huppert D, Grill E, Brandt T. Visual height intolerance and acrophobia: distressing partners for life. It is one of the most... 2. Nearly 30.5% of Arachnophobia sufferers (the excessive fear of spiders or other... 2. Agoraphobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 3. The victims get freaked out by the fear of venom or being bitten by snakes. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy can also be administered. There are treatments and skills that you can learn to overcome these phobias and live as normally as possible. Evolution and Human Behavior. 4. The fear of flying phobia, also known as Aerophobia is one of the most common phobias and affects many of us on a daily basis. The fear of flying sometimes causes people to avoid flying altogether. A phobia that didn’t exist a few decades ago actually exists today, which is the fear of not being able to use your mobile phone. Myctophobia -- the fear of darkness. Social phobia is also known as social anxiety disorder. How Phobias or Persistent and Extreme Fears Are Treated, The Different Factors That Cause Certain Phobias to Develop. The more than 500 recognized phobias range from super common to incredibly rare, and from NBD to deadly serious. Social phobias are the most common type of fear. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. People who suffer from this phobia may go to great lengths to avoid high places such as bridges, towers, or tall buildings. Ophidiophobia. First we will outline some of the most common phobias in the world. 1. The victims usually get panic attacks, faint, sweat excessively, cry, or scream at the sight of spiders and other arachnids. This can have various forms, such as the fear of losing your phone, the fear of the battery dying or even the fear of not having a good signal. The following phobias are ten of the most common objects or situations that lead to marked fear and symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, and breathlessness. Being scared of snakes is a common human tendency. Phobias are one of the most common types of psychiatric disorders and can create a significant disruption in a person's functioning and well-being. Leicester: British Psychological Society; 2013. Social phobic individuals have traits that exceed normal levels of shyness that people might experience when they are in a social situation. Fear of heights is one of the most common phobias (followed by public speaking) with an estimated 3 percent to 5 percent of the population suffering so-called acrophobia. Ophidiophobia is the fear of snakes. Although the place might not be considered very high by other people, to the acrophobic it can still be a source of extreme fear. Front Psychol. It is common, so much so that some people think that there... 2. Sedatives and espouser therapy can help reduce arachnophobia. Approximately 9% to 18% of people in the US are thought to struggle with one or more phobias. The victim may also be freaked out by just looking at the photos of dogs. During the storm, the victims can feel nauseated, cry, tremble, sweat excessively, sudden and urgent need to urinate, and a rapid heartbeat. In extreme cases, some victims experience panic attacks. Two-thirds of people with agoraphobia are women. The disorder often begins as a spontaneous and unexpected panic attack, which then leads to anxiety over the possibility of another attack happening. Hearing a tragic story involving a specific activity or object. Experiencing a panic attack in specific situation or around an object. Even ordinary, everyday tasks such as eating a meal can be anxiety-provoking. Astraphobia is a fear of thunder and lightning. Fear of loneliness. Social phobias often develop during puberty and can last throughout life unless they are treated.. 20 most common phobias 39 items ranked. 2016. Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. The most common form of social phobia is a fear of public speaking. Specific Phobia. The Differences Between Phobia and Panic Disorder, The Fear of Snow and Other Winter-Related Phobias, How Specific Phobias Are Diagnosed Using the DSM-5, Daily Tips for a Healthy Mind to Your Inbox, The cross-national epidemiology of specific phobia in the World Mental Health Surveys, Spiders are special: fear and disgust evoked by pictures of arthropods, Visual height intolerance and acrophobia: distressing partners for life, Fear of flying treatment programs for passengers: an international update, Processes Contributing to the Maintenance of Flying Phobia: A Narrative Review, The fear of needles: A systematic review and meta-analysis. This phobia is quite common and often attributed to evolutionary causes, personal experiences, or cultural influences. They may hide under a bed or in a closet to help them suppress the sound and light. Repeated exposure to lightning and thunder helps to build immunity. National Institute of Mental Health. Social Anxiety Disorder: Recognition, Assessment and Treatment. Up to one in 20 people have a social phobia. They are extremely afraid to engage in a conversation with a stranger. National Institute of Mental Health. Cynophobia often develops after a victim has a nasty experience with a dog, such as being bitten or chased, or after hearing horrible stories about dogs from other people. Fear of flying is also a very common phobia. 6. Most people don’t like being confined in a metal tube miles above the earth while others are more afraid of the plane crashing. Acrophobia -- the fear of heights. The fear is usually more intense when the victim is alone. Frequent causes of phobias include: Traumatic experience involving object of fear. Arachnophobia – The fear of spiders. There are a number of explanations for why phobias develop, including evolutionary and behavioral theories. Psychol Med. It is the most common phobia reported by most people. Archives of General Psychiatry. Cynophobia, or the fear of dogs, is often associated with specific personal experiences such as being bitten by a dog during childhood. Fredrikson, M, Annas, P, Fischer, H, & Wik, G. Gender and age differences in the prevalence of specific fears and phobias. The following are some of the most common phobias prevalent among people in the United States: 1. According to the NIMH, the 10 most common phobias are: 1. The fear is developed after a horrible experience, either to the victim or somebody else, the fear might be genetic and inborn, or it might develop after a negative experience. Ever wonder what your personality type means? 5. Most with acrophobia get extremely nervous and anxious when they are in an elevated place. The victims go a long way in trying to avoid a place that they think could harbor spiders. Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Thanatophobia. It has also been known to be hereditary. Ophidiophobia – The fear of snakes. This common phobia can also result in people avoiding physical contact with other people out of fear of contamination, overuse of disinfectants, and excessive preoccupation with media reports about illness outbreaks. The 20 Most Common Phobias in the World 1. Read our, Medically reviewed by Daniel B. Approximately one-third of people with panic disorder develop agoraphobia. Agoraphobia usually develops sometime between late-adolescence and mid-30s. There are many types of phobias, and it's not unusual to experience a specific phobia about more than one object or situation. Fear of social interactions. 1998; 36: 735-750. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) identifies three different categories of phobias: social phobias, agoraphobia, and specific phobias. Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms and take a medical, psychiatric and social history. These common phobias typically involve the environment, animals, fears of injections and blood, as well as certain other situations. 1. 2019;75(1):30-42. doi:10.1111/jan.13818. Spiders are special: fear and disgust evoked by pictures of arthropods. In many cases, these phobias can become so severe that people avoid events, places, and people who are likely to trigger an anxiety attack. 2017. When people with this phobia do have to have an injection, they may experience feelings of extreme dread and elevated heart rate leading up to the procedure. This particular phobia can be quite common. People with this phobia also tend to develop an excessive preoccupation with the weather. 2009;30(1):66-73. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2008.08.005. J Adv Nurs. Wardenaar KJ, Lim CCW, Al-hamzawi AO, et al. Ophidiophobia is the fear of snakes. Such people are the main subjects of the fear of death and other similar phobias: fear of enclosed spaces, fear of blood, fear of heights, fear of corpses, fear of pain, fear of rape and others. They may have fear of going to public places, shopping malls, or open spaces. 2016;263(10):1946-53. doi:10.1007/s00415-016-8218-9, Van gerwen LJ, Diekstra RF, Arondeus JM, Wolfger R. Fear of flying treatment programs for passengers: an international update. Social phobia involves the fear of social situations and can be quite debilitating. One of the most common explanations for this and similar animal phobias is that such creatures once posed a considerable threat to our ancestors who lacked the medical know-how and technological tools to address injuries from animals and insects. The victims get freaked out by the fear of venom or … Trypanophobia is the extreme fear of a medical procedure that involves injections and hypodermic needles. Arachibutyrophobia (Fear of … He was distinct from Hades in … Victims of phobia usually take caution and sometimes even dangerous measures to avoid contact and experience with their cause of fear. Fear of being trapped in small places is also one of the common phobias. Specific phobias are those where a person has an intense and irrational fear of a specific thing and are one of three classifications of phobias according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). Whatever the cause, phobias are treatable conditions that can be minimized and even eliminated with cognitive and behavioral therapy techniques and medication. 2003; 41(11): 1337–1353. Scared of slithering serpents? Glossophobia. Are there any phobias that tend to be more common than others? Fear of snakes is the second most common phobia after arachnophobia. But, in people with ophidiophobia, a mere sight, picture, or video of snakes on the TV could also trigger intense fear. According to Current Opinion in Psychiatry, the most common phobias revolve around animals, high places, closed places, being injured, and being alone. For example, a person with cynophobia might feel unable to walk down a certain street because they know that there is a dog living in that neighborhood. Agoraphobia may be caused by genetic and environmental factors. Bacteriophobia and bacillophobia specifically refers to the fear of exposure and contamination to bacteria and microbes in general. People become completely obsessed with phobias, and do everything in their power to avoid the specific stimulus, pain in this case. In some cases, these symptoms escalate into a full-blown panic attack. Rentz, TO, Powers, MB, Smits, AJ, Cougle, JR, & Telch, MJ. Necrophobia -- the fear of death or dying. So why are so many people terrified of arachnids? Cynophobia is the fear of dogs. For a fear of an object or situation to be considered a phobia, it has to be long-lasting, for six months or more. 4. Those who have this phobia go to an extent of avoiding blood tests and medical care even if they are extremely sick for the fear injection. Behavior and Research Therapy. This phobia is quite common in urban areas were coming into contact with a bug is fairly unusual because of the lack of interaction with nature. People with this phobia may also avoid areas where germs are more likely to be present such as doctor's offices, airplanes, schools, and pharmacies. Another theory suggests that the fear of snakes and similar animals might arise out an inherent fear of disease and contamination. Studies have shown that these animals tend to provoke a disgust response, which might explain why snake phobias are so common yet people tend not to exhibit similar phobias of dangerous animals such as lions or bears. The victims will always try their best to avoid these places, with some unable to leave their homes. Terrified of the creepy-crawlies? 10 Common Phobias. Situations, such as airplanes, enclosed spaces or going to school 2. What's Really Causing Your Fear of Cruise Ships? Mysophobia, or the excessive fear of germs and dirt, can lead people to engage in extreme cleaning, compulsive hand-washing, and even avoidance of things or situations perceived as dirty. According to the American Psychiatric Association, phobias are the most common psychiatric illness among women and the second most common among men. Acrophobia, or the fear of heights, impacts more than 6% of people. This fear can lead to anxiety attacks and avoidance of high places. [1] Social phobia is when a person fears a situation due to worries about others judging them. As a result, evolution contributed to a predisposition to fear these creatures. Phobias, unlike simple fears, and more-so an extension of a simple fear, are morbid and irrational. Block, MD, A to Z: List of Phobias, From the Strange to the Common. We asked our Talkspace therapists what the most common phobias they see in their clients, they shared with us the following list of top ten phobias and how to help alleviate them. Animals that mostly experience astraphobia are dogs and cats. Pe… The symptoms include heart palpitations, crying, and shivering. Aerophobia is the fear of flying. They are usually alert to get news and updates on weather forecasting and will rarely go out without checking weather updates. You can click on each phobia to learn about causes, symptoms and treatments. How Can Living With a Phobia Interfere With Your Life? They often cover their ears with their hands and seek for extra shelter during thunderstorm. Some people can fear being judged so much they avoid specific situations, like eating in front of others. The phobia is also referred to as verminophobia, germophobia, bacillophobia, or bacteriophobia. The National Institute of Mental Health suggests that phobias affect approximately 10% of U.S. adults each year. These phobias typically emerge during childhood or adolescence and continue into adulthood. Is Your Fear of Haunted Houses Really a Phobia? Fortunately, safe and effective treatments are available which may include psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of both. These common phobias typically involve the environment, animals, fears of injections and blood, as well as certain specific situations. 2017. People with this phobia fear being watched or humiliated in front of others. Do You Know How Many People Have Phobias in the U.S.? Aerophobia, or the fear of flying, affects between 10% and 40% of U.S. adults despite the fact that airplane accidents are actually very uncommon. Around 1 out of every 3 people have some level of fear of flying. 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