I often seem them eating the milkweed plant as soon as it emerges. Swamp milkweed. HABITAT: Seasonally-moist prairies & pine savannas. When the caterpillars hatch, they feed on the leaves of milkweed. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Bumblebees fly furiously from flower to flower, finding the aromatic and beautiful native bee balm blooms as honeybees feast on swamp milkweed in the Gibsonia garden of David and Laurie Jones. Additional stalks the plant develops as it matures are connected to roots, so it’s possible to divide the plant in a conventional way. Swamp milkweed habitats include open to partially shaded areas in swamps, thickets, moist black soil prairies, low areas along rivers and ponds, fens, marshes, and drainage ditches. HABITAT & HARDINESS: According to the USDA, Asclepias incarnata occurs in Eastern Canada and in every state in the United States except Arizona, Mississippi and states with a Pacific coastline. Habitats include floodplain and bottomland woodlands, swamps (including Bald Cypress swamps), borders of ponds and streams in shady areas, and ditches. They will often reseed, too, but in a modest way. Common milkweed plants grow to about 2 to 4 feet in height, with a thin, vertical growth habit. Swamp milkweed grows anywhere from 30 to 150 cm (12 to 60”) high. Swamp Milkweed: Photo: Monarch on swamp milkweed, Dr. Tara Harris. The leaves are either sessile or their bases clasp the stems.The leaves have a tendency to become more broad in shape in response to shady conditions. Swamp milkweed can be easily distinguished from other milkweeds with pink flowers by its long narrow leaves. Swamp milkweed – Swamp milkweed can tolerate extra water, but does well in average soil. Habitats include open to partially shaded areas in floodplain forests, swamps, thickets, moist black soil prairies, low areas along rivers and ponds, seeps and fens, marshes, and drainage ditches. The Georgia Plant Conservation Alliance asks that you not buy, collect or plant this milkweed. (90 to 150 cm – 3 to 5 feet) Swamp Milkweed’s flat cluster of flowers are a deep pink and often two toned from the petals to the hoods. It can be found in both high quality and degraded habitats. Unopened flower buds, young shoots and young seed pods (harvested when 3 to 4 cm long) can be consumed in small quantities and ONLY if cooked. The Iroquois and Meskwaki used the roots medicinally, and Menominee ate the inflorescenes, sometimes drying them … There are many more varieties. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Swamp milkweed is one of the notable plants to be seen in the wet bottomland prairie habitat at Ripgut Prairie NA in Bates County. It grows in a variety of moist places such as wet meadows and woods, ditches and along shorelines. It is, however, a good attractor for pollinators and a North American native, so it is a good choice for gardeners with wet sites on their property who are looking to plant responsibly. Swamp milkweed, as the name suggests, grows best in moist, wetland areas. Swamp Milkweed. Keep reading to learn more swamp milkweed info, including swamp milkweed benefits and tips for growing swamp milkweed in your landscape. The flowers are very showy and good for attracting butterflies. It has beautiful pink and magenta blooms with cream-colored centers June-September, and plants grow 1-4 feet tall. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. A cousin of the better-known common milkweed, swamp milkweed is an attractive flowering perennial that is native to the swamps and other wet areas of North America. White Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias perennis) Shirley Denton . (See more on that below.) The name Asclepias is for the Ancient Greek God of medicine Asklepios; Native Americans used this and other types of milkweed as medicine for a variety of ailments; This milkweed is a ‘clay-buster’, as it can grow really well in heavy wet clay soil; This is a larval hose for Monarch Butterflies; Scientific Name north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Also found in swamps, ditches and near streams, rivers and lakes. What is swamp milkweed? It is thought to have earned its name from the pink flowers it produces (“Incarnata” means “flushed with pink.”) It produces these flowers in midsummer, followed by narrow seed pods that open to reveal flat brown seeds attached to the classic white tufts associated with milkweed plants. Swamp milkweed flowers anywhere from June to September depending on location. Asclepias incarnata, (Swamp Milkweed). Planting milkweed is the most effective way to help because it is the only plant that sustains a monarch through each of its life stages. I also have woodland gardens; not just prairie. Because common milkweed tends to spread, it is best for a larger garden or meadow where you don’t mind extra plants popping up. Swamp milkweed, as the name suggests, grows best in moist, wetland areas. Butterflies love it, and not just the Monarchs. Here are a couple of tricks to ensure that your seeds are mature and viable. It is found growing in damp to wet soils and also is cultivated as a garden plant for its attractive flowers, which are visited by butterflies and other pollinators due to its copious production of nectar. A. incarnata is commonly referred to as swamp milkweed because of its association with highly saturated soils in wetlands or areas that are flooded seasonally. Eradication of milkweed is a threat to the monarch butterfly. If the pod is brown and has already popped open releasing their silky fluff, also called coma, you know that they are ready and you can harvest them and remove the fluff later. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and Milkweed herbivore: Swamp milkweed beetle. Click. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Asclepias quadrifolia (Jacquin) Fourleaf Milkweed Plant Description: Solitary stems are 30-50 cm tall. I like this assortment of 6 … Appearance. Leaves: Narrow, tapered, 4 to 17 cm long, arranged in opposite pairs. Leaves are … Craig Fraiser . Round clusters (umbels) of light pink flowers grow near the top of plant or at the top of brached stems. The long, oblong leaves are light green and grow to about 8 inches long. There are many more varieties. Swamp milkweed needs full sun or partial shade to flourish. The Pueblo harvested fibers from this plant and used them to make fishing line and sewing thread. Swamp Milkweed- Asclepias incarnata. Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is a native herbaceous perennial whose main virtue is its appeal to butterfliesespecially the monarch, which deposits its eggs on the milkweed. It can be found in both high quality and degraded habitats. In some locations it is difficult to improve habitat for monarch butterflies because of the status of milkweed. They typically form small clusters of between 10 to 20 flowers. Bees love it, too. As a tall herbaceous moisture-loving perennial, Swamp milkweed seeks sunny openings of swamps, marshes, bogs, fens, and open areas along stream banks and ditches. Timing is key when collecting milkweed seeds. Swamp Milkweed Facts. northern range limit of this species. Indigenous plants are found in sunny wet areas like floodplains, river bottomland, swamps and wet meadows. Swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata) is another popular type for wet areas. The flower colours may vary from near white to pink to lilac, and are pleasant smelling. Swamp milkweed is the only milkweed (Asclepias) in New England that is primarily found in swamps and wet areas. Habitat: Wetlands. Swamp milkweed is a flowering mash type plant that provides color and will helpprovide insect life to any mash or rain garden. Sign up for our newsletter. How do they survive the “not-so-camouflaged” part? The swamp milkweed plant is technically poisonous to humans and other mammals if enough of it is eaten, so it should be avoided in areas where children play or livestock forage. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. 'Incarnata' was likely included in the botanical name because it means flesh-coloured or flushed with pink, which describes the colour of swamp milkweed flowers. In-depth wild edible PDFs. They point out that the most pressing threat to monarchs is extreme habitat loss. Please click here for more information. Milkweeds are found throughout North and South America, and several are cultivated as ornamentals. swamp milkweed Asclepias incarnata ssp. This robust and erect stemmed plant grows three to five feet high, and like its common milkweed cousin, exudes a milky juice when broken. Habitat Swamp milkweed habitats include open to partially shaded areas in swamps, thickets, moist black soil prairies, low areas along rivers and ponds, fens, marshes, and drainage ditches. Tropical milkweed's popularity as a landscape plant may help the monarchs regain territory. Learn more about milkweed species and characteristics in this article. Umbels: Red or purplish-pink. They are narrowly lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate in shape, smooth along their margins, and glabrous. Asclepias incarnata is in the milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae) and is native to parts of Canada and the US. Swamp milkweed is an erect, clump-forming, native plant which is commonly found in swamps, river bottomlands and wet meadows. Tropical milkweed blooms during much of the year and reseeds freely. U.S. Weed Information; Asclepias incarnata . RARE SPECIES . This perennial milkweed is also an excellent choice for rain gardens. General Description . It typically grows 3-4′ tall (less frequently to 5′) on branching stems. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! Swamp milkweed can be distinguished from similar milkweeds by its (typically) pink-flowered umbels positioned at the tops of the plant stalks relatively narrow leaves, and moist habitat. It is one of the best attractors of the monarch butterfly, which feeds on the flowers and lays her eggs on the plants. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Upper leaf surfaces are medium to dark green, although they can become yellowish green or pale green due to bright sunlight and hot dry conditions. pulchra swamp milkweed Legal Status. The plants spread naturally by wind-borne seeds and by creeping roots that spread out slowly under the ground. Milkweed, genus of about 140 species of herbaceous perennial plants in the dogbane family (Apocynaceae). The stems and leav… Fruits: Long, narrow and smooth follicles, changing colour from green to brownish. 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