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Chemicals are most effective when used early in the morning and late in the evening. This occurs when the plant contains more water than it can use, resulting in swollen water-filled areas on the leaves. In Cukurova, Adana and Aegean regions. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-4-0466A, Ji Y H, Zhang H, Zhang K, Li G, Lian S, Cheng Z B, Zhou Y J, 2013. Molecular characterization and pathogenicity of tomato yellow leaf curl virus in China. The virus causes the edges of the leaves, especially those infected at a young stage, to curl upwards and become hairy to the touch. Multiple introductions of the Old World begomovirus Tomato yellow leaf curl virus into the New World. Genetic diversity of tomato-infecting Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) isolates in Korea. Originated in Middle East. Tomato leaf curl Guangxi virus is a distinct monopartite begomovirus species. Abnormal growth is a classic symptom caused by many virus diseases. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 100(3-4):243-257. 84 (9), 1046. 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